MaltaWildPlants.com is supported by:


References and Bibliography   
   
Direct Communication and Personal References

Bibliography and Paper Literature

References from Internet sites





Direct Communication and Personal References
(list update 2008)

[AJ] – A. Judy - Info sent through the additional information online form.

[BK] – Bernd Kendzior - Lecturer of Botany at the University of Marburg, Germany.

[EL] – Edwin Lanfranco - Lecturer of Botany at the University of Malta.

[HW] – Hans Christian Weber - Professor of Botany at the University of Marburg, Germany.

[JM] – James Mast Maeght - Lecturer, Member of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences; (Section of Conservation Biology), Belgium.

[JS] – James Stone - Info sent through the additional information online form.

[KF] – Ken Fern - Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.

[MB] – Michael Briffa - Naturalist.

[MU] – Michael Buhagiar - Visitor of MaltaWildPlants.com.

[PP] – P. D. Pullen, UK - Info sent through the additional information online form.

[RA] – Robert Aquilna - Info sent through the additional information online form.

[RC] – Robert Caruana - A member of the MaltaWildPlants online forum

[SB] – Steven Bonello- A member of the MaltaWildPlants online forum

[SL] – Sandro Lanfranco - lecturer at the University of Malta

[SM] – Notes, opinions and observations by Stephen Mifsud author of Maltawildplants.com.

[WH] – Werner A. Hack - Info sent through the additional information online form.

[WL] – Wolf-Ekkehard Lönnig - Senior Scientist at the Max-Planck-Institut für Züchtungsforschung Carl-von-Linné Weg 10D-50829 Köln, Germany




    Bibliography and Paper Literature


Reference shortcut links :
1 - 50 51 - 100 101 - 150 151 - 200 201 - 250 251 - 300 301 - 350 351 - 400


[1] F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press 1951 - Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).

[2] Hedrick. U. P.   Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications 1972 ISBN 0-486-20459-6 Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.

[3] Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles 1972 ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 A very readable book with information on about 100 species that can be grown in Britain (some in greenhouses) and details on how to grow and use them.

[4] Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin 1984 ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.

[5] Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins 1974 ISBN 0-00-219060-5 Edible wild plants found in Britain. Fairly comprehensive, very few pictures and rather optimistic on the desirability of some of the plants.

[6] Mabey. R. Plants with a Purpose. Fontana 1979 ISBN 0-00-635555-2 Details on some of the useful wild plants of Britain. Poor on pictures but otherwise very good.

[7] Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald 1984 ISBN 0-356-10541-5 Covers plants growing in Europe. Also gives other interesting information on the plants. Good photographs.

[8] Ceres. Free for All. Thorsons Publishers 1977 ISBN 0-7225-0445-4 Edible wild plants in Britain. Small booklet, nothing special.

[9] Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn 1981 ISBN 0-600-37216-2 Covers plants in Europe. a drawing of each plant, quite a bit of interesting information.

[10] Altmann. H. Poisonous Plants and Animals. Chatto and Windus 1980 ISBN 0-7011-2526-8 A small book, reasonable but not very detailed.

[11] Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray 1981 A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.

[12] Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 A handy pocket guide.

[13] Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn 1975 ISBN 0-600-33545-3 Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.

[14] Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press 1979 ISBN 0-87857-262-7 A good herbal.

[15] Bryan. J. and Castle. C. Edible Ornamental Garden. Pitman Publishing 1976 ISBN 0-273-00098-5 A small book with interesting ideas for edible plants in the ornamental garden.

[16] Simons. New Vegetable Growers Handbook. Penguin 1977 ISBN 0-14-046-050-0 A good guide to growing vegetables in temperate areas, not entirely organic.

[17] Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press 1962 A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.

[18] Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins 1979 Details of beneficial and antagonistic relationships between neighbouring plants.

[19] Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn 1983 ISBN 0-600-35666-3 Not very comprehensive, but easy reading.

[20] Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. 1978 ISBN 0-88266-064-0 Fairly good.

[21] Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books 1983 ISBN 0-553-23827-2 Lots of information tightly crammed into a fairly small book.

[22] Sholto-Douglas. J. Alternative Foods. Not very comprehensive, it seems more or less like a copy of earlier writings with little added.

[23] Wright. D. Complete Book of Baskets and Basketry. David and Charles 1977 ISBN 0-7153-7449-4 Not that complete but very readable and well illustrated.

[24] Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. Fairly good with lots of ideas about creating wildlife areas in the garden.

[25] Lawson. Bamboos. Faber 1968 Fairly comprehensive, it was once the standard work but is now rather dated. Deals with species hardy in Britain, giving cultivation details and some uses.

[26] Hills. L. Comfrey Report. Henry Doubleday Research Ass. A small booklet giving a fairly comprehensive guide to the uses of comfrey.

[27] Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 A reprint of a nineteenth century classic, giving details of vegetable varieties. Not really that informative though.

[28] Knight. F. P. Plants for Shade. Royal Horticultural Society. 1980 ISBN 0-900629-78-9 A small but informative booklet listing plants that can be grown in shady positions with a few cultivation details.

[29] Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. Royal Horticultural Society. 1974 ISBN 0900629649 A small but informative booklet giving details of all the hedging plants being grown in the R.H.S. gardens at Wisley in Surrey.

[30] Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan 1982 ISBN 0-330-26642-x An excellent book on Lepidoptera, it also lists their favourite food plants.

[31] Brown. Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland.

[32] Bruce. M. E. Commonsense Compost Making. Faber 1977 ISBN 0-571-09990-4 Excellent little booklet dealing with how to make compost by using herbs to activate the heap. Gives full details of the herbs that are used.

[33] Organ. J. Rare Vegetables for Garden and Table. Faber 1960 Unusual vegetables that can be grown outdoors in Britain. A good guide.

[34] Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press 1975 Good drawings of some of the more common food plants from around the world. Not much information though.

[35] The Herb Society Herbal Review. Vol.11. 4. The Herb Society 1986 ISBN 0264-9853

[36] The Herb Society Herbal Review. Vol.11. 3. The Herb Society 1986 ISBN 0264-9853 A very interesting article on the stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, giving a lot of information on its uses. Also details on Tanacetum parthenifolium and Melaleuca alternifolium.

[37] Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. 1878 Excellent general but extensive guide to gardening practices in the 19th century. A very good section on fruits and vegetables with many little known species.

[38] Simmons A. E. Simmons' Manual of Fruit. David & Charles. 1978 ISBN 0-7153-7607-1 A good guide to some of the cultivars of temperate fruits. It covers quite a wide range of fruits.

[39] Genders. R. Planting Fruit Trees. Robert Hale Ltd. 1956 A general book on growing fruit in Britain, it does give some descriptions of little known cultivars.

[40] Scott's Nursery Scott's Fruit Catalogue. 1985 edition. Scott's Nursery 1985 A nursery catalogue giving descriptions of the wide range of trees and shrubs they grow, including a good range of apples.

[41] Hills. L. Good Fruit Guide. Henry Doubleday Research Ass. Very dated now, it lists a good range of fruit trees and shrubs with brief descriptions of most of them and details of where they can be obtained.

[42] Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. 1938 Rather dated now, but an immense work on bulbs for temperate zones and how to grow them. Three large volumes.

[43] Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. 1950 A bit dated but good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.

[44] Allan. H. H. Flora of New Zealand. Government Printer, Wellington. 1961 The standard work, in 3 volumes though only the first two are of interest to the plant project. Very good on habitats.

[45] Polunin. O. Flowers of Greece and the Balkans. Oxford University Press 1980 ISBN 0-19-217626-9 A good pocket flora, it also lists quite a few plant uses.

[46] Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim 1959 An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.

[47] Fox. D. Growing Lilies. Croom Helm 1985 A lovely and very readable book dealing with the cultivation of the genus Lilium.

[48] Boullemier. L. The Checklist of Species, Hybrids and Cultivars of the Genus Fuschia. Blandford Press 1985 ISBN 0-7137-1781-5 Merely a list of names and the occasional elaboration.

[49] Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. Trees and shrubs that grow well in Cornwall and other mild areas of Britain. Fairly good, a standard reference book.

[50] ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press 1964 An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.

[51] Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press 1984 A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.

[52] Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn 1980 A good and comprehensive guide to temperate salad plants, with full organic details of cultivation.

[53] De. Bray. L. The Wild Garden. Interesting reading.

[54] Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd 1977 ISBN 0-584-10141-4 Interesting reading.

[55] Harris. B. C. Eat the Weeds. Pivot Health 1973 Interesting reading.

[56] Muhlberg. H. Complete Guide to Water Plants. E. P. Publishing Ltd. 1982 ISBN 0-7158-0789-7 Deals with a wide range of plants for temperate areas (and indoor aquaria) with quite a lot of information on cultivation techniques.

[57] Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. Fairly readable but not very comprehensive. Deals with plants from around the world.

[58] Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution 1965 The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.

[59] Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. Trees and shrubs that succeed in Cornwall based on the authors own observations. Good but rather dated.

[60] Hitchcock. C. L. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press 1955 A standard flora for Western N. America with lots of information on habitat etc. Five large volumes, it is not for the casual reader.

[61] Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable 1974 ISBN 0094579202 Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.

[62] Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold 1982 ISBN 0442222009 Very readable.

[63] Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber 1948 Rather old but still a masterpiece. Has sections on tropical and temperate plants with edible nuts plus a section on nut plants in Britain. Very readable.

[64] Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.

[65] Frohne. D. and Pfonder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe 1984 ISBN 0723408394 Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best work on the subject that I've come across so far.

[66] Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press 1985 ISBN 0-946284-51-2 Very readable, giving details on plant uses based on the authors own experiences.

[67] Ahrendt. Berberis and Mahonia. Journal of the Linnean Society, 57 1961 Not for the casual reader, it lists all the known species in these two genera together with botanic descriptions and other relevant details for the botanist.

[68] Phillips. R. Mushrooms and other Fungi of Great Britain and Europe. Pan 1981 ISBN 0-330-24441-9 Excellent photographs, it also gives details of habitats and edibility.

[69] Moore. D. M. Flora of Tierra del Fuego. Anthony Nelson. 1983 ISBN 0-904614-05-0 Standard work for this part of S. America. Excellent details of habitat and a few notes on plant uses.

[70] Bolton. E. Lichens for Vegetable Dyeing. Studio Vista 1972 ISBN 0-289-70288-7 A small but interesting book for the casual reader and the enthusiast.

[71] Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press 1959 An excellent flora but no pictures. Not for the casual reader.

[72] Small. Manual of the Southeastern Flora. Getting rather dated now, it covers Southeastern N. America. No pictures, it is not for the casual reader.

[73] Adamson. and Salter. Flora of the Cape Peninsula. A good flora but rather short on details of habitat. Not for the casual reader.

[74] Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation 1968 An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers.

[75] Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 1984 A small booklet packed with information on trees and shrubs for hedging and shelterbelts in exposed maritime areas.

[76] Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO 1984 ISBN 0112425291 Concentrates mainly on the effects of poisonous plants to livestock.

[77] Kelly. S. Eucalypts. (2 volumes.) Nelson, Melbourne 1969 A very readable book (in two volumes) on the many species of Eucalyptus trees in Australia.

[78] Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co 1948 A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.

[79] Innes. C. The World of Iridaceae Deals with many of the plants in the Iris family giving brief details of habitat and notes on cultivation. Well illustrated.

[80] McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books 1985 ISBN 0-901361-21-6 Does not deal with many species but it is very comprehensive on those that it does cover. Not for casual reading.

[81] Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm 1987 ISBN 0-7470-2801-X Deals with conifers that can be grown outdoors in Britain. Good notes on cultivation and a few bits about plant uses.

[82] Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. 1965 ISBN 0-486-20278-X Two volumes, a comprehensive listing of N. American trees though a bit out of date now. Good details on habitats, some details on plant uses. Not really for the casual reader.

[83] Evans. R. L. Handbook of Cultivated Sedums. Science Reviews 1983 Deals with the genus Sedum. Fairly easy reading, it gives cultivation details and some notes on habitats.

[84] Coyle. J. and Roberts. N. C. A Field Guide to the Common and Interesting Plants of Baja California. Natural History Publishing Co. 1975 A very readable pocket flora with good illustrations, it gives quite a few plant uses.

[85] Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press 1967 ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 A superb book. Very readable, it gives the results of the authors experiments with native edible plants.

[86] Organ. J. Gourds. Faber 1963 Deals with squashes and their relatives. Interesting and readable, it gives cultivation techniques and some details of plant uses.

[87] Woodward. L. Burge. P. Green Manures. Elm Farm Research Centre. 1982 Green manure crops for temperate areas. Quite a lot of information on a number of species.

[88] RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society 1987 Snippets of information from the magazine of the RHS. In particular, there are articles on plants that are resistant to honey fungus, oriental vegetables, Cimicifuga spp, Passiflora species and Cucurbits.

[89] Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press 1987 ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 A very readable pocket flora that is well illustrated. Gives some information on plant uses.

[90] Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books 1989 ISBN 0-330-30253-1 Superbly illustrated, it gives brief details on cultivation and native habitat.

[91] Zhang Jingwei. Alpine Plants of China. Gordon & Breach. New York. 1982 ISBN 0-677-60190-5 A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.

[92] Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press 1975 ISBN 0-520-00072-2 A nice readable book.

[93] Davis. P. H. Flora of Turkey. Edinburgh University Press 1965 Not for the casual reader, this is an immense work in many volumes. Some details of plant uses and habitats.

[94] Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. 1962 ISBN 0-911010-54-8 Useful wild plants in Western N. America. A pocket guide.

[95] Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications 1976 ISBN 0-486-23310-3 Useful wild plants of America. A pocket guide.

[96] Surey-Gent. S. and Morris. G. Seaweed - A Users Guide. Covers seaweeds of Britain. A good coverage of when and what to eat plus some other uses.

[97] Towle. M. A. The Ethno-Botany of Pre-Columbian Peru. A very interesting book covering quite a lot of information on plant uses in S. America although many of the plants are not suitable for temperate areas..

[98] Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. Very comprehensive guide to growing trees and shrubs from seed. Not for the casual reader.

[99] Turner. N. J. Plants in British Columbian Indian Technology. British Columbia Provincial Museum 1979 ISBN 0-7718-8117-7 Excellent and readable guide.

[100] Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press 1969 ISBN 0192176218 An excellent and well illustrated pocket guide for those with very large pockets. Also gives some details on plant uses.

[101] Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences 1978 A very readable guide to some wild foods of Canada.

[102] Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books 1979 ISBN 0-394-72811-4 Another guide to the wild foods of America.

[103] Haywood. V. H. Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217674-9 Very readable and well illustrated, it lists plants by families giving the basic diagnostic features and some details of plant uses.

[104] RHS. The Garden. Volume 111. Royal Horticultural Society 1986 Snippets of information from the magazine of the RHS, including an article in Crambe maritima and another on several species thought to be tender that are succeeding in a S. Devon garden.

[105] Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing 1976 The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.

[106] Coon. N. The Dictionary of Useful Plants. Rodale Press 1975 ISBN 0-87857-090-x Interesting reading but short on detail.

[107] Brooker. M. I. A Key to Eucalypts in Britain and Ireland. HMSO 1983 ISBN 0-11-710192-3 A Forestry commission booklet giving details of the more common Eucalyptus species grown in Britain. Good identification guide.

[108] International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. 1981 The title says it all.

[109] Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. Details of the plants collected by the plant collector E. H. Wilson on his travels in China. Gives some habitats. Not for the casual reader.

[110] Polhamus. L. G. Rubber: Botany, Cultivation and Utilization. Mainly tropical plants with a small section on temperate plants for rubber.

[111] Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge 1926 A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.

[112] Whiting. A. G. A Summary of the Literature on Milkweeds (Asclepias spp) and their utilization. A technical paper covering the many uses of the genus Asclepias.

[113] Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press 1987 ISBN 0942375009 A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.

[114] Chakravarty. H. L. The Plant Wealth of Iraq. It is surprising how many of these plants can be grown in Britain. A very readable book on the useful plants of Iraq.

[115] Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. Written about a hundred years ago, but still a very good guide to the useful plants of Britain.

[116] Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden 1986 A small booklet packed with information.

[117] Rosengarten. jnr. F. The Book of Edible Nuts. Walker & Co. 1984 ISBN 0802707699 A very readable and comprehensive guide. Well illustrated.

[118] Gunther. E. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press 1981 ISBN 0-295-95258-X A small book, it is a good guide to useful plants in Western N. America.

[119] Roach. F. A. Cultivated Fruits of Britain. Oxford University Press 1985

[120] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 2. 1980 - 1981. Royal Horticultural Society 1980 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants including Billardiera spp, Calochortus spp, Drimys spp.

[121] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 3. 1981 - 1982. Royal Horticultural Society 1981 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants..

[122] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 1. 1979 - 1980. Royal Horticultural Society 1979 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants. A good article on the flowering of bamboos.

[123] ? Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th edition. It contains a few things of interest to the plant project.

[124] RHS. The Garden. Volume 113. Royal Horticultural Society 1988 Snippets of information from the magazine of the RHS, including details on Podophyllum, Canna and Protea species.

[125] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 5. 1983 - 1984. Royal Horticultural Society 1983 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants..

[126] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 6. 1984 - 1985. Royal Horticultural Society 1984 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants including Actinidia and Wisteria species.

[127] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 7. 1985 - 1986. Royal Horticultural Society 1985 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants..

[128] Laing. and Blackwell. Plants of New Zealand. Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd 1907 An old flora of New Zealand in a readable style. Some details of plant uses.

[129] ? Alpine Garden Society Bulletin. Volume 56. Alpine Garden Society Excerpts from the periodical. Some details on Corydalis spp.

[130] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society 1982 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants, including Distylium racemosum and some perennial members of the family Berberidaceae.

[131] Warren-Wren. S. C. Willows. David and Charles 1972 A readable guide to the willows.

[132] Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. Lovely pictures, a very readable book.

[133] Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. 1987 Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.

[134] Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. 1988 Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.

[135] ? The Plantsman. Vol.8. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society 1986 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants including some Cucurbitaceae.

[136] Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Kew Bulletin. 1909 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1909 An interesting article on growing wild rice, Zizania aquatica and Z. latifolia.

[137] ? The Plantsman. Vol. 9. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society 1986 Excerpts from the periodical giving cultivation details and other notes on some of the useful plants including Carya spp and Crocus sativus.

[138] Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. 1989 Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.

[139] ? Flora of Chile. (in Spanish) Some information about the useful plants of Chile.

[140] Kamen. B. Siberian Ginseng. Detailed information for the lay person on this medicinal plant that is so widely used in the Orient and Russia.

[141] Carruthers. S. P. (Editor) Alternative Enterprises for Agriculture in the UK. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, Univ. of Reading 1986 ISBN 0704909820 Some suggested alternative commercial crops for Britain. Readable. Produced by a University study group.

[142] Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press 1975 ISBN 0-12-136450-x Readable but not very comprehensive.

[143] Woodcock. and Coutts. Lilies - Their Culture and Management. Country Life 1935 A classic, but dated. Deals with the genus Lilium.

[144] Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana 1976 ISBN 0-00-634436-4 A very good pocket guide.

[145] Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh 1976 A good flora of the western Himalayas but poorly illustrated. Some information on plant uses.

[146] Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh 1972 Written last century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.

[147] ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.

[148] Niebuhr. A. D. Herbs of Greece. Herb Society of America. 1970 A pleasant little book about Greek herbs.

[149] Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press 1987 ISBN 0-292-78958-3 Fairly readable, it gives details of habitats and some of the uses of trees growing in Texas.

[150] Watson. W. C. R. Handbook of the Rubi of Great Britain and Ireland. There are hundreds of slightly differing species of the common blackberry growing in Britain. This is a book for the dedicated.

[151] Wilson. E. H. and Trollope. M. N. Corean Flora. Royal Asiatic Society 1918 A very small handbook, it does give a little bit of information on Korean plants.

[152] Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T. Australian Medicinal Plants. A very good and readable guide to the subject.

[153] Brooker. S. G., Cambie. R. C. and Cooper. R. C. Economic Native Plants of New Zealand. Oxford University Press 1991 ISBN 0-19-558229-2 An interesting and readable book on the useful plants of New Zealand.

[154] Ewart. A. J. Flora of Victoria. A flora of eastern Australia, it is rather short on information that is useful to the plant project.

[155] Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. 1968 A lovely little pocket guide to wild plants in the southern Rockies of America.

[156] Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Useful Wild Plants in Australia. William Collins Pty Ltd. Sidney 1981 ISBN 0-00-216441-8 A very readable book.

[157] Wrigley. J. W. and Fagg. M. Australian Native Plants. Collins. (Australia) 1988 ISBN 0-7322-0021-0 A lovely book, written in order to encourage Australian gardeners to grow their native plants. A little bit of information for the plant project.

[158] Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press 1945 A good flora for the middle Himalayan forests, sparsly illustrated. Not really for the casual reader.

[159] McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press 1977 ISBN 0-253-28925-4 A nice pocket guide to this region of America.

[160] Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. Fascinating reading, this is an annual publication. Some reports do seem somewhat exaggerated though.

[161] Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. A comprehensive but very terse guide. Not for the casual reader.

[162] Grounds. R. Ornamental Grasses. Christopher Helm 1989 ISBN 0-7470-1219-9 Cultivation details of many of the grasses and bamboos. Well illustrated.

[163] RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. Lots of interesting snippets about plants in the family Liliaceae (in the old, broad sense)

[164] Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. 1990 Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.

[165] Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. An excellent small herbal.

[166] Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent 1990 A good book on plants that you didn't know could be grown outdoors in Britain.

[167] Holliday. I. and Hill. R. A Field Guide to Australian Trees. Frederick Muller Ltd. 1974 ISBN 0-85179-627-3 A well illustrated and very readable book, but it does not contain much information for the plant project.

[168] Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. 1974 ISBN 0-02-544950-8 A very good and readable book on dyeing.

[169] Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. Covers all aspects of growing your own clothes, from fibre plants to dyes.

[170] Dremann. C. G. Ground Cherries, Husk Tomatoes and Tomatilloes. Redwood City Seed Co 1985 ISBN 0-933421-03-6 Only a small booklet but it covers the various species in some depth.

[171] Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press 1952 Not very comprehensive, but it is quite readable and goes into some a bit of detail about the plants it does cover.

[172] Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. A nice guide to some useful plants in that area.

[173] Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton 1990 ISBN 0-340-508302 A very well written and illustrated book based on the authors own experiments with living on a native diet.

[174] Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. A good Japanese herbal.

[175] Bird. R. (Editor) Focus on Plants. Volume 5. (formerly 'Growing from seed') Thompson and Morgan. 1991 Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Corydalis spp.

[176] Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles 1985 A very good Chinese herbal.

[177] Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books 1984 ISBN 3874292169 An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.

[178] Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre A translation of an ancient Chinese herbal. Fascinating.

[179] Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre 1977 A translation of an ancient Chinese book on edible wild foods. Fascinating.

[180] Kunming Inst. of Botany. Yunnan Camellias of China. Lots of information and good photos.

[181] Pesman. M. W. Meet Flora Mexicana. Dale S. King. Arizona. 1962 Very readable flora but rather lacking botanically. A few notes on useful plants.

[182] Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray 1992 ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.

[183] Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications 1990 ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.

[184] Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books 1989 ISBN 0-330-30258-2 Excellent photographs and a terse description of 1900 species and cultivars.

[185] Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO 1975 ISBN 0-11-710012-9 A bit out of date (first published in 1972), but an excellent guide to how well the various species of conifers grow in Britain giving locations of trees.

[186] Beckett. G. and K. Planting Native Trees and Shrubs. Jarrold 1979 An excellent guide to native British trees and shrubs with lots of details about the plants.

[187] Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books 1991 ISBN 0-330-30936-9 Photographs of over 3,000 species and cultivars of ornamental plants together with brief cultivation notes, details of habitat etc.

[188] Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. 1990 ISBN 0-86318-386-7 Excellent range of photographs, some cultivation details but very little information on plant uses.

[189] Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press 1988 A good practical section on how to make paper on a small scale plus details of about 75 species (quite a few of them tropical) that can be used.

[190] Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent 1982 ISBN 0460045512 A good list of drought resistant plants with details on how to grow them.

[191] Letter from Crarae Garden, March 1993. - 1993 A list Nothofagus species growing at Crarae Garden in Scotland.

[192] Emboden. W. Narcotic Plants Studio Vista 1979 ISBN 0-289-70864-8 A lot of details about the history, chemistry and use of narcotic plants, including hallucinogens, stimulants, inebriants and hypnotics.

[193] Low. T. Wild Food Plants of Australia. Angus and Robertson. 1989 ISBN 0-207-14383-8 Well presented, clear information and good photographs. An interesting read for the casual reader as well as the enthusiast

[194] Parmar. C. and Kaushal. M.K. Wild Fruits of the Sub-Himalayan Region. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi. 1982 Contains lots of information on about 25 species of fruit-bearing plants of the Himalayas, not all of them suitable for cool temperate zones.

[195] Farrelly. D. The Book of Bamboo Sierra Club. 1984 ISBN 0-87156-825-X Very readable, giving lots of information on the uses of bamboos, both temperate and tropical.

[196] Popenoe. H. et al Lost Crops of the Incas National Academy Press 1990 ISBN 0-309-04264-X An excellent book. Very readable, with lots of information and good pictures of some lesser known food plants of S. America.

[197] Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. Cassells. 1989 ISBN 0-304-31089-1 A handy little booklet from the R.H.S.

[198] Li. H. L. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Volume 32. Arnold Arboretum. 1952 A monograph of the genus Actinidia.

[199] Newsholme. C. Willows - The Genus Salix. Batsford 1992 ISBN 0713468815 A very readable book on the genus.

[200] Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5 Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

[201] Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. 1993 ISBN 0-304-34324-2 A well produced and very readable book.

[202] Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. 1990 ISBN 0-670-82929-3 Contains information on 2,000 species and cultivars, giving details of cultivation requirements. The text is terse but informative.

[203] Davies. D. Alliums. The Ornamental Onions. Batsford 1992 ISBN 0-7134-7030-5 Covers about 200 species of Alliums. A very short section on their uses, good details of their cultivation needs.

[204] Livingstone. B. Flora of Canada National Museums of Canada 1978 ISBN 0-660-00025-3 In 4 volumes, it does not deal with plant uses but gives descriptions and habitats.

[205] Erhardt. W. Hemerocallis. Day Lilies. Batsford. 1992 ISBN 0-7134-7065-8 A comprehensive book on the species with a short section on their uses.

[206] Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray 1991 ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 Well written and very informative.

[207] Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. 1993 ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 A nice read, lots of information on plant uses.

[208] Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons 1990 ISBN 0-460-12609-1 An excellent detailled book on the subject, very comprehensive.

[209] Chancellor. P. M. Handbook of the Bach Flower Remedies C. W. Daniel Co. Ltd. 1985 ISBN 85207 002 0 Details the 38 remedies plus how and where to prescribe them.

[210] Westwood. C. Aromatherapy - A guide for home use. Amberwood Publishing Ltd 1993 ISBN 0-9517723-0-9 An excellent little pocket guide. Very concise.

[211] Coventry. B. O. Wild Flowers of Kashmir Raithby, Lawrence and Co. 1923 A nice little pocket guide to 50 wildflowers of Kashmir. This is part one of three, we have not seen the other two volumes

[212] Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press 1963 ISBN 63-7093 Excellent little pocket guide to the area, covering 590 species and often giving details of their uses.

[213] Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books 1980 ISBN 0-449-90589-6 A nice book to read though it is difficult to look up individual plants since the book is divided into separate sections dealing with the different medicinal uses plus a section on edible plants. Common names are used instead of botanical.

[214] Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society 1994 ISBN 1352-4186 A quarterly magazine, it has articles on Himalayacalamus hookerianus, hardy Euphorbias and an excellent article on Hippophae spp.

[215] BBC The Natural History Programme 16th September 1994. BBC 1994 A report on the Natural History radio 4 programme about the value of Japanese knot weed to British wildlife.

[216] Whiting. A. F. Ethnobotany of the Hopi North Arizona Society of Science and Art 1939 A very good guide the the plant uses of the N. American Hopi Indians.

[217] Les Ecologistes de l'Euziere Les Salades Sauvages Not given. 1994 ISBN 2-906128-04-X A lovely little book about some wild salads in France. Written in French.

[218] Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4 Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.

[219] Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins 1983 ISBN 0-00-219220-0 A nice little book about plants for growing against walls and a small section on plants that can grow in walls.

[220] Stapleton. C. Bamboos of Nepal The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 1994 ISBN 0947643680 An excelllent little booklet that looks in some detail at the native bamboos of Nepal, including looking at their uses.

[221] Crook. H. Clifford. Campanulas Country Life 1951 A comprehensive treatment of the genus.

[222] Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. 1990 ISBN 0395467225 A concise book dealing with almost 500 species. A line drawing of each plant is included plus colour photographs of about 100 species. Very good as a field guide, it only gives brief details about the plants medicinal properties.

[223] Rottsieper. E.H.W. Vegetable Tannins The Forestal Land, Timber and Railways Co. Ltd. 1946 A fairly detailed treatise on the major sources of vegetable tannins.

[224] Bartram. T. Agnus Castus - A leaflet that summarizes the medicinal virtues of Vitex agnus-castus.

[225] Knees. S. The New Plantsman. Volume 2, 1995. Royal Horticultural Society 1995 ISBN 1352-4186 A quarterly magazine, it has articles on Coprosma species,

[226] Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. 1989 ISBN 0889025649 Very good on identification for non-experts, the book also has a lot of information on plant uses.

[227] Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. 1982 ISBN 0292780206 A readable guide to the area, it contains descriptions of the plants and their habitats with quite a bit of information on plant uses.

[228] McGregor. R. L. & Barkley. T. M. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. 1986 ISBN 070060295x A useful source of habitats.

[229] Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. 1980 ISBN 0442238622 A very good concise guide. Gives habitats, good descriptions, maps showing distribution and a few of the uses. It also includes the many shrubs that occasionally reach tree proportions.

[230] Cribb. P. & Bailes. C. Hardy Orchids. Orchids for the Garden and Frost-free Greenhouse. Christopher Helm. London. 1989 ISBN 0 7470 0416 1 An excellent book looking at the orchids that can be grown outdoors in temperate climates and giving lots of information on how to grow them. Very lttle information on their uses.

[231] McMillan-Browse. P. Palms for Cooler Climates. Trebah Enterprises. 1993 ISBN 0 9521952 0 8 An excellent little booklet on the subject, though it does not mention many plant uses.

[232] Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. 1990 ISBN 0-333-55581-3 A concise beginner's guide to the subject. Very readable.

[233] Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. 1990 ISBN 0 460 86048 8 A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.

[234] - Radio 4 Farming Programme, 25/08/95. - 1995 An article on the potential of Coriandrum sativum as an oil crop.

[235] Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. 1970 ISBN 0-486-22642-5 Reprint of a 1913 Flora, but still a very useful book.

[236] Hitchcock. A. S. Manual of the Grasses of the United States Dover Publications. New York. 1971 ISBN 0-486-22717-0 A nice and comprehensive flora, though a bit dated. Good line drawings of each plant, plus a brief idea of the habitat and a few notes on plant uses. Not for the casual reader.

[237] Hobbs. C. Ginkgo. Elixir of Youth. Botanica Press, California. 1994 ISBN 0-9618470-3-4 Looks in detail at the medicinal virtues and also mentions some of the plants other uses. The information on traditional Chinese use and modern herbal use of the plant is backed up by an extensive bibliography.

[238] Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. 1995 ISBN 0-7513-020-31 A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.

[239] Kohlein. F. Gentians. Christopher Helm. London. 1991 ISBN 0-88192-192-0 A nice readable book, giving details of habitats and cultural needs of all the members of this genus, with brief notes on other members of the family.

[240] Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. 1986 Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.

[241] Tsarong. Tsewang. J. Tibetan Medicinal Plants Tibetan Medical Publications, India 1994 ISBN 81-900489-0-2 A nice little pocket guide to the subject with photographs of 95 species and brief comments on their uses.

[242] Davies. P. Correspondence from Allium NCCPG collection 1997 Letter dated 21/01/97, giving additional information on Alium species.

[243] Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. 1993 Terse details of the medicinal properties of Nepalese plants, including cultivated species and a few imported herbs.

[244] Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. 1990 ISBN 0-330-30725-8 Deals with all types of herbs including medicinal, culinary, scented and dye plants. Excellent photographs with quite good information on each plant.

[245] Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. 1994 ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.

[246] Radio 4 AM - 1997 A news item on the Radio 4 morning news programme 'AM', 15/10/97.

[247] Knees. S. The New Plantsman. Volume 4. Royal Horticultural Society, London 1997 ISBN 1352-4186 A few articles of interest, especially Berberdopsis corallina and Tropaeolum species.

[248] Anderson. A. New Scientist IPC Magazines Ltd, London 1997 ISBN 0262-4079 A short item on a couple of soil reclamation plants, Atropa belladonna and Solanum nigrum

[249] Valder. P. Wisterias: a comprehensive guide. Florilegium. Australia. 1995 ISBN 0-646-22049-7 Excellent information and photographs of this genus with a little bit about their uses.

[250] Page. M. The Gardener's Guide to Growing Peonies. David & Charles. Newton Abbot. 1997 ISBN 0 7153 0531 X A nice little book on the genus, giving information on their cultivation and a little info on plant uses.

[251] Grenfell. Diana The Gardener's Guide to Growing Hostas David &Charles 1996 ISBN 0-7153-0431-3 Excellent cover of the genus, though it concentrates mainly on the cultivars and does not go much into plant uses.

[252] - Scientific American August 1998 Scientific American Inc. New York 1998 ISBN 0036-8733 An interesting article on the use of halophytes as commercial food crops in dessert areas near the sea. Unfortunately lacking in detail of species used and also judges the plant's value as livestock feed rather than direct human food.

[253] Hodgson I. (Editor) The Garden Volume 123 Royal Horticultural Society 1998 ISBN 0308-5457 Articles on Fuchsia species, cultivars of Blackberries.

[254] Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London 1996 ISBN 9-780751-303148 An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.

[255] Solgar Vitamins Solgar New Product Information - Rhodiola Vegicaps. Solgar Vitamins, Tring, Herts. 1998 Information sheet from Solgar Vitamins, looking at the herbal use of Rhodiola rosea.

[256] Turner. N. J. Food Plants of Coastal First Peoples UBC Press. Vancouver. 1995 ISBN 0-7748-0533-1 Excellent little handbook about the native food plants of Western Canada. Good descriptions of the plants and their uses with colour photos of most plants.

[257] Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. 1998 ISBN 0-88192-453-9 Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.

[258] RHS. Wisley, Surrey. The Garden. Volume 124. 1999. RHS. Wisley, Surrey. 1999 ISBN 0308 5457 The monthly newsletter of the RHS, contains articles on Erythroniums.

[259] Wolverton. B. C. Eco-Friendly House Plants. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. London. 1996 ISBN 0-297-83484-3 Excellent guide to pollution in the home and those plants that can help to remove the problem. Most of the plants are not hardy outdoors in the temperate zone, though a number of species can be grown outside.

[260] Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. 1998 ISBN 0-330-37376-5 Excellent photos of over 1,100 species and cultivars with habits and cultivation details plus a few plant uses. Many species are too tender for outdoors in Britain though there are many that can be grown outside.

[261] Yakovlev. G. Sytin. A. & Roskov. Yu. Legumes of Northern Eurasia Royal Botanic gardens, Kew. 1996 ISBN 0-947643-97-4 For the academic only, a list of species growing in N. Eurasia with terse details on habitat, range, uses etc.

[262] Vanderplank. J. Passion Flowers Cassell. London. 1991 ISBN 0-304-34076-6 An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.

[263] Raintree Nutrition Inc. Maca.htm 1999 Web site giving lots of info on Lepidium meyenii.

[264] Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Vegetables Macmillan Reference Books, London. 1995 ISBN 0 333 62640 0 Excellent and easily read book with good information and an excellent collection of photos of vegetables from around the world, including many unusual species.

[265] Carolin. R. & Tindale. M. Flora of the Sydney Region Reed. Australia. 1993 ISBN 0730104001 Concise flora with little beyond an extensive key, species descriptions, very brief habitat description.

[266] Various authors Flora of China 1994 On-line version of the Flora - an excellent resource giving basic info on habitat and some uses.

[267] Stapleton. C. Bamboos of Bhutan Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 ISBN 0-947643-67-2 Excellent little booklet about the bamboos growing wild and cultivated for food, raw materials etc in Bhutan. Very good guide to identification.

[268] Stuart. M. (Editor) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism Orbis Publishing. London. 1979 ISBN 0-85613-067-2 Excellent herbal with good concise information on over 400 herbs.

[269] Duke. J. Handbook of Energy Crops - 1983 Published only on the Internet, excellent information on a wide range of plants.

[270] Various authors Flora of N. America 0 An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.

[271] Peter Wingate with Richard Wingate Medical Encyclopedia. Penguin Reference Books. MiddleSex, UK. 4th Edition - 1996 ISBN 0-14051-361-2 Good reference book for describing easily medical terms.

[272] Dietmar Aichele A Field Guide in Colour to Wild Flowers. Octopus Books Ltd., London. English version - 1975. ISBN 0-7064-0474-2 Descriptive book with a good number of species sorted out by colour, then habitat, then flower form.

[273] David Burnie Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean. Dorling Kindersley handbooks, London. Reprint - 2000. ISBN 0-7513-2761-1 Well laid out, excellent glossy photos and attractive book, but not much text description is given out.

[274] Oleg polunin, Anthony Huxley Flowers of the Mediterranean. The Hogart press, London. British edition - 1987. ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 A good reference book explaining hundreds of species which are found in the Mediterranean, with 311 colour illustrations and 128 line drawings.

[275] B.E. Nicholson, S. Ary, M. Gregory The Oxford Book of Wild Flowers. Oxford University Press, London. 1960. ISBN (n/a) Good book containing several hundreds of wild plant species with well presented illustrations. Text not abundant sometimes

[276] N. Puetz Abstract of Vegetative spreading of Oxalis pes-caprae (Oxalidaceae) Plant Systematics and Evolution, vol.191, n.1-2, (1994): pg57-67:

[277] Bohumil Slavik, Vlastimil Choc A Colour Guide to Familiar Wild Flowers, Ferns and Grasses. Octopus books, London. 1975. ISBN 0-7064-0289-8 Few familiar wild flowers only, but very good text and information about the plant.

[278] Alfred E. Baldacchino and Anton Pizzuto (editors) Introduction of Alien Species of Flora and Fauna Published by Environmental Protection Department, 1996. ISBN 99909-976-08. Proceedings of Seminar held at Qawra, Malta : 5/Mar/1996.

[279] Marjorie Blamey, Christopher Grey-Wilson Mediterranean Wild Flowers. Domino Books Production, Jersey. 1993. ISBN 0-00-219901-7 Excellent and high quality book; many plants reviewed, good picture quality and short but informative text.

[280] Hartwell, J.L. Plants used against cancer. 1967–1971, Lloydia 30–34.

[281] Duke, J.A. Utilization of Papaver. 1973, Econ. Bot. 27(4):390–391.

[282] Duke, J.A. Amerindian medicinal plants. 1983, Typescript.

[283] Parsons WT, Cuthbertson EG. Boraginaceae. In: Noxious weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne, 1992:335.

[284] Harper PAW, Walker KH, Krahenbuhl RE, Christie BM. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid poisoning in calves due to contamination of straw by Heliotropium europaeum. Aust Vet J 1985:62:382-383.

[285] Gaul KL, Gallagher PF, Reyes D, Stasi S, Edgar JA. Poisoning of pigs and poultry by stock feed contaminated with heliotrope seed. In: Colegate SM, Dorling PR, editors. Plant-associated toxins. CAB International, Wallingford, 1994:137-142.

[286] Bull, L.B., Culvenor, C.C.J., and Dick, A.T. The Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids. 1968. North-Holland Publ., Amsterdam.

[287] Underwood, Eric J. Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition . Fourth Edition, 1977. Academic Press, New York, 545 pp.

[288] Nyanyiwa, M. and Gundidza, M. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Ageratu conyzoides, Plectranthus ecklonii, Conyza scabrida and Conyza bonariensis 1999. Honours student publications from the pharamacy department of the university of Zimbabwe ; abstract (http://uzweb.uz.ac.zw/medicine/pharmacy/pubs/19993.html)

[289] Cronquist A. Conyza . In: Tutin et al. editors - Flora Europaea: Volume 4, p120, 1976. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

[290] Amsellem, Z.; Jansen, M.A.K.; Driesenaar, A.R.J.; Gressel, J. Rockville, MD. Developmental variability of photooxidative stress tolerance in paraquat-resistant Conyza.. American Society of Plant Physiologists, p1926-; 1993 Dec. Plant physiology v. 103 (4): p. 1097-1106; 1993 Dec. [NAL Call. No.: 450 P692 / afsic@nal.usda.gov

[291] Kokwaro, J.O. Medicinal plants of East Africa.. East african literature bureau, Kampala, Nairobi, Dar Es Salaam, 368 p., 1976

[292] Bashir Ahmad Chaudhry, Khalid Hussain Janbaz, Muhammad Uzair and Abdul Subhan Ejaz BIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF CONYZA AND EUPHORBIA SPECIES . Journal of Research (Science), Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan. Vol.12, No.1, June 2001, pp. 85-88 ISSN 1021-1012

[293] Almeida CE, Karnikowski MG, Foleto R, Baldisserotto B. Analysis of antidiarrhoeic effect of plants used in popular medicine. . Rev Saude Publica. 1995 Dec;29(6):428-33. PMID: 8734966 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

[294] Joceana S. SPEROTTO, Nediana BIALESKI, Lucielli SAVEGNAGO, Berta M. HEINZMANN, Margo G.O. KARNIKOWSKI & Bernardo BALDISSEROTTO. Effect on Gastrointestinal Propulsion and Preliminary Phytochemical Analysis of Aster squamatus (Asteraceae).. Acta Farm. Bonaerense 21 (4): 279-82 (2002)

[295] Tanti, C. , Soil erosion assessment and mapping in Malta. (1999) National report submitted to PAP/RAC: 28 p.

[296] Loretta Pace and Fernando Tammaro Ecology and vegetation of some invasive alien plants in the protected areas in Central Italy .Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Universita degli Studi dell'Aquila, Via Vetoio Loc. Coppito L'Aquila, Italy.

[297] Rakba N, Melhaoui A, Loyer P, Guy Delcros J, Morel I, Lescoat G. B-gugaine, a pyrrolidine alkaloid from Arisarum vulgare, is a strong hepatotoxin in rat and human liver cell cultures. . Toxicol Lett 1999;104(3):239-48.

[298] M. Lamkadem, A. Melhaoui, J. Mimouni, R. Fontonge. Cytotoxic effect and electrophysiologic activity of (R)-bgugaine, an alkylpyrrolidine alkaloid against MRC-5 fibroblasts . Toxicon, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp. 485-490, April, 2001 (Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohamed Ier, Route Sidi Maufa, B.P 524, Oujda 60000, Morocco)

[299] Casoria, P., U. Laneri and N. Di Novella. A preliminary note on an interesting species of crocus (Crocus longiflorus, Iridaceae) similar to Saffron (C. sativus) . Economic Botany 50(4): Page 971, 1996

[300] E. Lanfranco and G. Lanfranco "Il-Flora Maltija" . Kullana kulturali - Book 47 (2003), Publikazzjoni Indipendenza - PIN Malta, ISBN 99932-41-38-5

[301] Consolacion Y. Ragasa, Gaudencio M. Natividad, John A. Rideout A Bioactive Thiophene Derivative from Chrysanthemum coronarium . Philippine Journal of Science, ISSN 031 - 7683, 1998 , Vol. 127 No. 4 (October – December)

[302] Maureen Delia The isolation and potential use of Glycolic Acid present in the local Plant Erica multiflora L. Pharmacognosy projects by Undergraduate Students, Department of Pharmacy, University of Malta, 1998

[303] Colasante M., Corazzi G., Mortellaro R. Cyperaceae, Iridaceae and Commelinaceae as weeds. Departement of Vegetable Biology, "La Sapienza" University Rome, Italy. October 1999 ( Colasante@uniroma1.it )

[304] P. Garcia Ortega, B. Bartolome, E. Enrique, P. Gaig, C. Richart Allergy to Diplotaxis erucoides pollen: occupational sensitization and cross-reactivity with other common pollens Allergy 2001: 56: 679–683. ISSN 0105-4538

[305] Raikhlin-Eisenkraft B, Bentur Y. Ecbalium elaterium (squirting cucumber)--remedy or poison? J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2000 ; 38(3): 305-8. - Israel Poison Information Center, Rambam Medical Center, Technion.

[306] A. S. Salhab, H.H. Elayan, M.N. Gharaibeh and S. Amr The Acute Toxicity of the Juice of Ecballium Elatrium (L.) A. Rich (University of Jordan) ; Dirasat vol.13, no.11, 1986

[307] Eray O, Tuncok Y, Eray E, Gunerli A, Guven H. Severe uvular angioedema caused by intranasal administration of Ecbalium elaterium. Vet Hum Toxicol. 1999 Dec;41(6):376-8.

[308] Alessandra Bertoli , Francesco Menichini, Michele Mazzetti , Guido Spinelli, Ivano Morelli Volatile constituents of the leaves and flowers of Hypericum triquetrifolium Flavour and Fragrance Journal Volume 18, Issue 2, 2003. Pages 91-94, Copyright – 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

[309] Al-Askari, A.A., Stephan, Z.A., Antoon, B.G. & Obaedi, J.F.W. Effect of plant extracts on the control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. Iraq. J. Agric. Sci. 1990, 21: 1-12.

[310] Kizil G, Toker Z, Ozen HC, Aytekin C. The antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Hypericum scabrum, Hypericum scabroides and Hypericum triquetrifolium. University of Dicle, Faculty of Science and Art, Chemistry Department, 21280, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

[311] Alali F, Tawaha K, Al-Eleimat T. Determination of hypericin content in Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra (Hypericaceae) growing wild in Jordan. Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan.

[312] Couladis M, Badisa RB, Baziou P, Chaudhuri SK, Pilarinou E, Verykokidou E, Harvala C. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of Hypericum sp. on brine shrimps and human cancer cell lines. Department of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacognosy, University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis Zografou, 157 71 Athens, Greece. kouladi@pharm.uoa.gr

[313] Conforti F, Statti GA, Tundis R, Menichini F, Houghton P. Antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of Hypericum triquetrifolium aerial part. Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi della Calabria, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy. filomena.conforti@unical.itq

[314] Ozturk B, Apaydin S, Goldeli E, Ince I, Zeybek U. Hypericum triquetrifolium Extract exhibits antiinflammatory activity in the rat. Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

[315] Apaydin S, Zeybek U, Ince I, Elgin G, Karamenderes C, Ozturk B, Tuglular I. Hypericum triquetrifolium exhibits antinociceptive activity in the mouse. Ege University, Center for Drug R&D and Pharmacokinetic [E1]Applications, Izmir, Turkey.

[316] Berkov S, Evstatieva L, Popov S. Alkaloids in Bulgarian Pancratium maritimum L. Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia. Published on Z Naturforsch [C]. 2004 Jan-Feb;59(1-2):65-9.

[317] Dragassaki, M., Economou, A.S. and Vlahos, J.C. Bulblet formation in vitro and plantlet survival extra vitrum in pancratium maritimum l. 2003. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 616:347-352 - http://www.actahort.org/books/616/616_51.htm

[318] Sener B, Orhan I, Satayavivad J. Antimalarial activity screening of some alkaloids and the plant extracts from Amaryllidaceae. Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. Phytother Res. 2003 Dec;17(10):1220-3

[319] Abbassy MA, el-Gougary OA, el-Hamady S, Sholo MA. Insecticidal, acaricidal and synergistic effects of soosan, Pancratium maritimum extracts and constituents. Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Damnhour, Egypt.

[320] Pettit GR, Pettit GR 3rd, Groszek G, Backhaus RA, Doubek DL, Barr RJ, Meerow AW. Antineoplastic agents, 301. An investigation of the Amaryllidaceae genus Hymenocallis.Department of Chemistry and Department of Botany, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-1604, USA. Published on J Nat Prod. 1995 May;58(5):756-9.

[321] Tuncok Y, Kozan O, Cavdar C, Guven H, Fowler J. Urginea maritima (squill) toxicity. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1995;33(1):83-6.

[322] Pascual-Villalobos, M.J. Anti-insect activity of bufadienolides from Urginea maritima J. Janick and A. Whipkey (eds.), Trends in new crops and new uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA. p. 564–566. (2002) .

[323] Bernhard Smith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries. Bristol, J Wright & Co. London, 88 pages (1905)

[324] Al-Fayyad M, Alali F, Alkofahi A, Tell A. Determination of colchicine content in Colchicum hierosolymitanum and Colchicum tunicatum under cultivation. National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer, Irbid, Jordan. Nat Prod Lett. 2002 Dec;16(6):395-400.

[325] Alali F, Tawaha K, Qasaymeh RM. Determination of colchicine in Colchicum steveni and C. hierosolymitanum (Colchicaceae): comparison between two analytical methods. Phytochem Anal. 2004 Jan-Feb;15(1):27-9.

[326] T. L. Stedman, M.D Stedman's Shorter Medical Dictionary Wilcox & Follett Co., 1942

[327] Loizzo MR, Statti GA, Tundis R, Conforti F, Bonesi M, Autelitano G, Houghton PJ, Miljkovic-Brake A, Menichini F. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Senecio inaequidens DC. and Senecio vulgaris L. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy. ; Phytother Res. 2004 Sep;18(9):777-9.

[328] Vilar JH, Garcia M, Cabrera P. Veno-occlusive liver disease induced by Senecio vulgaris toxicity Catedra de Medicina. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes. Hospital Angela I de Llano. Corrientes. Argentina.

[329] Eroksuz H, Eroksuz Y, Ozer H, Yaman I, Tosun F, Akyuz Kizilay C, Tamer U. Toxicity of Senecio vernalis to laying hens and evaluation of residues in eggs. Vet Hum Toxicol. 2003 Mar;45(2):76-80.

[330] Ortiz Cansado A, Crespo Valades E, Morales Blanco P, Saenz de Santamaria J, Gonzalez Campillejo JM, Ruiz Tellez T. Veno-occlusive liver disease due to intake of Senecio vulgaris tea Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1995 Oct;18(8):413-6

[331] Mendel VE, Witt MR, Gitchell BS, Gribble DN, Rogers QR, Segall HJ, Knight HD. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid-induced liver disease in horses: an early diagnosis.Department of Animal Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis 95616. ; Am J Vet Res. 1988 Apr;49(4):572-8.

[332] Haslam S.M, Sell P.D., Wolseley P.A A Flora of the Maltese Islands Malta University Press, Msida, Malta 1977

[333] Bermejo BP, Abad MJ, Diaz AM, Villaescusa L, Gonzalez MA, Silvan AM. Sesquiterpenes from Jasonia glutinosa: in vitro anti-inflammatory activity Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

[334] Manuel Jesus Chan-Bacab and Luis Manuel Pera-Rodriguez Plant natural products with leishmanicidal activity Grupo de Quamica Organica, Unidad de Biotecnologia, Centro de Investigacion Cientifica de Yucatán, Calle 43 No. 130, Col. Chuburno, Morida, Yucatán, Mexico 97200

[335] Mercieca K. The Suitability of Inula crithmoides L. as a Coastal Zone Indicator in the Island of GozoUnpublished Dissetation, B.Educ. (Hons), University of Malta (1995)

[336] Englis Nature English Naturees advice given under Regulation 33(2) of the Conservation (Natural Habitats &c.) Regulations 1994Essex Estuaries European marine site, 14th June 2004

[337] Zurayk-RA; Baalbaki-R. Inula crithmoides: a candidate plant for saline agriculture. Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. Arid-Soil-Research-and-Rehabilitation. 1996, 10: 3, 213-223; 25 ref.

[338] Rita J. Adrosko Natural Dyes and home DyeingDover publications Inc, 1971, New York, US

[339] Suleyman BASLAR An Investigation on Chrozophora tinctoria (L.) Rafin. Distributed in West Anatolia Dokuz Eylül University, Buca Education Faculty, Department of Biology, Izmir-TURKEY.

[340] Hsu FL, Chen YC, Cheng JT. Caffeic acid as active principle from the fruit of Xanthium strumarium to lower plasma glucose in diabetic rats. Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical College, Taiwan, R.O.C.

[341] Turgut M, Alhan CC, Gurgoze M, Kurt A, Dogan Y, Tekatli M, Akpolat N, Aygun AD Carboxyatractyloside poisoning in humans. Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey

[342] Witte ST, Osweiler GD, Stahr HM, Mobley G. Cocklebur toxicosis in cattle associated with the consumption of mature Xanthium strumarium. Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames 50011.

[343] Mehta P, Chopra S, Mehta A. Antimicrobial properties of some plant extracts against bacteria. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 1983;28(6):467-9.

[344] Stuart BP, Cole RJ, Gosser HS. Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium, L. var. strumarium) intoxication in swine: review and redefinition of the toxic principle Vet Pathol. 1981 May;18(3):368-83.

[345] D. Silva, E. Denham, L. Faleiro, G. Miguel, C. Cavaleiro, L. Salgueiro Antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Dittrichia viscosa subsp. viscosa on Helicobacter pylori ISHS Acta Horticulturae 680: III WOCMAP Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Volume 6: Traditional Medicine and Nutraceuticals

[346] Levizou E.; Karageorgou P.; Psaras G.K.; Manetas Y. Inhibitory effects of water soluble leaf leachates from Dittrichia viscosa on lettuce root growth, statocyte development and graviperception Flora, Volume 197, Number 2, March 2002, pp. 152-157(6)

[347] Cafarchia C, De Laurentis N, Milillo MA, Losacco V, Puccini V. Antifungal activity of essential oils from leaves and flowers of Inula viscosa (Asteraceae) by Apulian region Parassitologia. 2002 Dec;44(3-4):153-6. Related Articles, Links

[348] Al-Dissi NM, Salhab AS, Al-Hajj HA. Effects of Inula viscosa leaf extracts on abortion and implantation in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001 Sep;77(1):117-21

[349] Maoz M, Neeman I. Effect of Inula viscosa extract on chitin synthesis in dermatophytes and Candida albicans. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Aug;71(3):479-82

[350] Lauro L, Rolih C. Observations and research on an extract of Inula viscosaBoll Soc Ital Biol Sper. 1990 Sep;66(9):829-34.

[351] Alarcon de la Lastra C, Lopez A, Motilva V. Gastroprotection and prostaglandin E2 generation in rats by flavonoids of Dittrichia viscosa. Planta Med. 1993 Dec;59(6):497-501.

[352] Goncalo M, Goncalo S. Allergic contact dermatitis from Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter. Contact Dermatitis. 1991 Jan;24(1):40-4.

[353] Simon, J.E., A.F. Chadwick and L.E. Craker Herbs: An Indexed Bibliography. 1971-1980. The Scientific Literature on Selected Herbs, and Aromatic and Medicinal Plants of the Temperate Zone.1984, Archon Books, 770 pp., Hamden, CT.

[354] Daels-Rakotoarison DA, Seidel V, Gressier B, Brunet C, Tillequin F, Bailleul F, Luyckx M, Dine T, Cazin M, Cazin JC. Neurosedative and antioxidant activities of phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra.Arzneimittelforschung. 2000 Jan;50(1):16-23.

[355] Didry N, Seidel V, Dubreuil L, Tillequin F, Bailleul F. Isolation and antibacterial activity of phenylpropanoid derivatives from Ballota nigra. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Nov 1;67(2):197-202.

[356] Ali Ferchichi Caracterisation morpho-biologique et Ecologique d'une espece pastorale de la Tunisie prosaharienne (Periploca angustifolia Labill.). Implications pour l'amelioration pastorale Institut des Regions Arides 4 1 19 Medenine-Tunisie

[357] MRAE, Goverment of Malta Trees and Woodlands (Protection) Regulations, 2001. Environment Protection Act (CAP. 348), LN.12 of 2001,

[358] Gabriel Fava, Shirley-Ann Micallef, Edwin Lanfranco, Patrick J. Schembri (Team Leader) An Ecological Survey of the Ghajn Tuffieha Area (Prepared for the Gaia Foundation as part of the management plan for the area Malta University Services Ltd. University campus, Malta - May 1997

[359] Lia Ascensao, Ana Francisco, Helena Cotrim and M. Salome Pais Comparative structure of the labellum in Ophrys fusca and O. lutea (Orchidaceae) American Journal of Botany. 2005;92:1059-1067

[360] Joe Sultana, Victor Falzon (editors) , Edwin Lanfranco (flora section) Wildlife of the Maltese Islands BirdLife Malta, 2002, Malta

[361] Alessandra Bertoli, Francesco Menichini, Cecilia Noccioli, Ivano Morelli, Luisa Pistelli Volatile constituents of different organs of Psoralea bituminosa L. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, VL: 19,NO: 2,PG: 166-171,YR: 2004. (Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi della Calabria Arcavacata di Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy; Dipartimento di Chimica Bioorganica e Biofarmacia, Universita degli Studi di Pisa, Via Bonanno, 33-56100, Pisa, Italy)

[362] G. Innocenti, A. Piovan, R. Filippini, R. Caniato, E. M. Cappelletti Quantitative Recovery of Furanocoumarins from Psoralea bituminosaPhytochemical Analysis, VL: 8, NO: 2, PG: 84-86, YR:1997. (Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, via Marzolo, 5, 35123-Padova, Italy; Dipartimento di Biologia, via Trieste, 75, 35121-Padova, Italy)

[363] D.J. Walker, A. de Hoyos, P. Romero and E. Correal Atriplex Halimus and Bituminaria Bituminosa: Utilisation of the Intraspecific Variation of These Multi-Purpose Species Instituto Murciano de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario , Murcia, Spain

[364] Bosch, H.A.J. in den (1994): Het leefgebied van Gallotia simonyi, de Reuzenhagedis van Hierro. Lacerta, 52 (4): 94-100. (24-27)

[365] M.R. Ventura, M.P. Flores and J.I.R. Nutritive value of forage shrubs: Biturninaria bituminosa, Acacia salicina and Medicago arborea Castalon Universidad de las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Departamento de Produccion Animal, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

[366] M.R. Ventura, P. Mendez, M.P. Flores, R. Rodriguez anJd.I .R. Castañón Energy and protein content of Tedera (Biturninaria bituminosa) Department of Animal Science, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35416 Arucas, Las Palmas, Spain

[367] Bartolo G., Lanfranco E., Pulvirenti G. & Stevens D. T., Le Orchidee dell' arcipelago Maltese (Mediterraneo centrale). Jour. Eur. Orchids 33(3): 743870. (2001)

[368] Pierre Delforge Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient Delachaux et Niestlé Paris, 2005, France, ISBN 2-603-01323-8

[369] Pierre Delforge Orchids Bulletin des Naturalistes belges 74 3, 1993 Brussels, Belgium

[370] Kelling CL, Schipper IA, Schermeister LJ, Vacik JP. Effects of crude extracts of various plants on infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus-plaque production. Am J Vet Res. 1976 Feb;37(2):215-8.

[371] Youssef DT, Khalifa AA. Cytotoxic quaternary alkaloids from the flowers of Narcissus tazetta. Pharmazie. 2001 Oct;56(10):818-22.

[372] Sener B, Orhan I, Satayavivad J. Antimalarial activity screening of some alkaloids and the plant extracts from Amaryllidaceae. Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

[373] B. Sener, M. Koyuncu, F. Bingol, and F. Muhtar Production of Bioactive Alkaloids from Turkish Geophytes Gazi University Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, P.O. Box 143 06572 Maltepe-Ankara, Turkey

[374] B.Sener, F.Bingol, I.Erdogan, W.S.Bowers, P.H.Evans Biological activities of some Turkish medicinal plants Pure & Appl. Chem., Vol. 70, No. 2, pp. 403-406, 1998. Printed in Great. IUPAC

[375] Smithson A, Gigord LD. Are there fitness advantages in being a rewardless orchid? Reward supplementation experiments with Barlia robertiana.Proc Biol Sci. 2001 Jul 22;268(1475):1435-41.

[376] MRAE, Goverment of Malta Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2003 Environment Protection Act (CAP. 435), L.N. 257 of 2003.

[377] P.J.Schembti and J. Sultana Red Data Book for the Maltese Islands Dept. of Biology, University of Malta, Malta. 1989

[378] Eva Sagona Plant biodiversity in Greece: contribution to the karyological aspects of some Monocots SCIENZE MATEMATICHE, FISICHE E NATURALI, Universita di Pisa, Italy

[379] Devillers, P. & Devillers-Terschuren, J. The type of Ophrys eleonorae. Extended summary. Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (www.naturalsciences.net/cb.), 2000. [article published in French in Natural. Belges 81 (Orchid. 13)]

[380] J. H. Willems, E. Dorland Flowering Frequency and Plant Performance and their Relation to Age in the Perennial Orchid Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall. Department of Plant Ecology, Utrecht University, 3508 TB Utrecht, The Netherlands

[381] T. C. E. Wells Changes in a Population of Spiranthes Spiralis (L.) Chevall. at Knocking Hoe National Nature Reserve, Bedfordshire, 1962-65 Journal of Ecology, Vol. 55, No. 1 (Mar., 1967), pp. 83-99 doi:10.2307/2257718

[382] Nathalie Machon, Philippe Bardin, Susan J. Mazer, Jacques Moret, Bernard Godelle and Frederic Austerlitz. Relationship between genetic structure and seed and pollen dispersal in the endangered orchid Spiranthes spiralis New Phytologist (2003) 157: 677–687

[383] Hans Christian Weber, Bernd Kenzior Flora of the Maltese Islands - a Field Guide Magraf Publishers, Weikersheim, 2006

[384] Dr. Erhard Roeder, Thomas Bourauel Pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Senecio leucanthemifolius and Senecio rodriguezii. Pharmazeutisches Institut der Universitet Bonn, Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany

[385] Coleman Max, Abbott Richard J. Possible causes of morphological variation in an endemic Moroccan groundsel (Senecio leucanthemifolius var. casablancae): evidence from chloroplast DNA and random amplified polymorphic DNA markers Molecular Ecology, Volume 12, Number 2, February 2003, pp. 423-434(12)

[386] Loizzo, M.R.1, Tundis, R.1, Statti, G.A.,; Menichini, F., Houghton, P.J. In-vitro antiproliferative effects on human tumour cell lines of extracts and jacaranone from Senecio leucanthemifolius Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Volume 57, Number 7, July 2005, pp. 897-902(6)

[387] Joseph P. Remington, Horatio C. Wood and others The Dispensatory of the United States of America. 1918

[388] ORTEGA-OLIVENCIA Ana (1) ; RODRIGUEZ-RIANO Tomas (1) ; VALTUENA Francisco J. (1) ; LOPEZ Josefa (1) ; DEVESA Juan A. (1) ; First confirmation of a native bird-pollinated plant in Europe Oikos, 2005, vol. 110, no3, pp. 578-590; Spain

[389] T Schmeller, M Sauerwein, F Sporer, M Wink, WE Moller Binding of quinolizidine alkaloids to nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. Universitet Heidelberg, Institut fur Pharmazeutische Biologie, Germany

[390] Innocenti G, Dall'Acqua S, Viola G, Loi MC. Cytotoxic constituents from Anagyris foetida leaves. Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 5, 35131 Padova, Italy.

[391] L.al-Azizi MM, al-Said MS, el-Olemy MM, Abdel Sattar E, Khalifa AS. Rhombifoline and 5,6-dehydrolupanine from Anagyrus foetida Dept. of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

[392] Bellakhdar, J. La pharmacopie marocaine traditionnelle: Medecine arabe ancienne et savoirs populaires. Ibis Press, 764 p. (1997)

[393] Petterson DS, Ellis ZL, Harris DJ, Spadek ZE. Acute toxicity of the major alkaloids of cultivated Lupinus angustifolius seed to rats. J Appl Toxicol. 1987 Feb;7(1):51-3

[394] SAVERIO D'EMERICO, DOMENICO PIGNONE, GIUSEPPINA BARTOLO, SANTE PULVIRENTI, CARMEN TERRASI, SALVATORE STUTO, ANTONIO SCRUGLI ( Karyomorphology, heterochromatin patterns and evolution in the genus Ophrys (Orchidaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 148 (1), 87–99. May 2005

[395] Athena Della,1 Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi,1 and Andreas Ch Hadjichambis1 An ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants of Paphos and Larnaca countryside of Cyprus J Ethnobiol Ethnomedicine. 2006; 2: 34. Published online 2006 September 4. doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-2-34.

[396] Various authors North American Menopause Society 12th Annual Meeting, Oct 4-6, 2001, New Orleans, LA.

[397] Duke, J. A. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs 489. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1985

[398] Madejin P, Murillo JM, Marajon T, Lepp NW. Factors affecting accumulation of thallium and other trace elements in two wild Brassicaceae spontaneously growing on soils contaminated by tailings dam waste. School of Biological and Earth Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK.

[399] Looman, J., Majak, W., Smoliak, S. Stock-poisoning plants of western Canada. Agric. Can. Res. Branch Contrib. 1982-7E. 35 pp.

[400] Rosa Maria Giner, Maria Luisa Villalba, Maria del Carmen Recio, Salvador Manez, Alexander I. Gray, and Jose Luis Rios* A New Iridoid from Scrophularia auriculata ssp. pseudoauriculata Departament de Farmacologia, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Valencia, Avda. Vicent Andres Estelles s/n, 46100-Burjassot, Valencia, Spain, and Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XW, Scotland, United Kingdom

[401] Rosa-Maria Ginera, Maria-Luisa Villalba, Maria-Carmen Recioa, Salvador Manez, Miguel Cerdo-Nicolas and Jose-Luis Rios, Anti-inflammatory glycoterpenoids from Scrophularia auriculata European Journal of Pharmacology Volume 389, Issues 2-3, 18 February 2000, Pages 243-252

[402] Ana Ortega-Olivencia & Juan A. Devesa Proposal to conserve the name Scrophularia auriculata (Scrophulariaceae) with a conserved type Taxon, Volume 51, Number 1, 1 February 2002 , pp. 201-202(2)

[403] Ana Ortega-Olivencia, Juan A. Devesa Proposal to conserve the name Scrophularia auriculata (Scrophulariaceae) with a conserved type Taxon, Volume 51, Number 1, 1 February 2002 , pp. 201-202(2); International Association for Plant Taxonomy

[404] Magness, J.R., G.M. Markle, C.C. Compton. Food and feed crops of the United States. (1971) Interregional Research Project IR-4, IR Bul. 1 (Bul. 828 New Jersey Agr. Expt. Sta.).

[405] Jens Lykkesfeldt & Birger Lindberg Meller Synthesis of Benzylglucosinolate in Tropaeolum majus. lsothiocyanates as Potent Enzyme lnhibitors (1993) Plant Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Plant Biology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultura1 University, 40 Thorvaldsensvej, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Copenhagen, Denmark; Plant Physiol. (1993) 102: 609-613

[406] Deni Brown Encyclopedia of Herbs (1995, 2001) Dorling Kindersley Limited.

[407] Manuel Pardo de Santayana, Emilio Blanco & Ramon Morales Plants known as tée in Spain: An ethno-pharmaco-botanical review Journal of Ethnopharmacology 98 (2005) 1–19, Real Jardín Botánico (CSIC), Plaza de Murillo 2, E-28014Madrid, Spain

[408] Manuel Pardo De Santayana & Ramon Morales CONSIDERACIONES SOBRE EL GENERO JASONIA (COMPOSITAE, INULEAE). SISTEMETICA Y USOS Acta Botanica Malacitana 29: 221-232 Malaga, Spain






    References from Internet sites

WWW-01 Garden Bed
WWW-02 Plants for a future
WWW-03
Botanical.com
WWW-04 (No Logo) Crop Profile for Beans (Dry) in Wyoming
WWW-05 (No Logo) Liber Herbarum II (Eric Gotfresden)
WWW-06
Dictionary.com
WWW-07
Mustards.com
WWW-08
Holistic Online
WWW-09 (No Logo) The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics
WWW-10
Artemis Herbs Ltd.
WWW-11
Weed Alert
WWW-12 (No Logo) Epidemie
WWW-13
Illustrated Herbal
WWW-14
A Global Compendium of Weeds
WWW-15 (No Logo) Plant Viruses Online
WWW-16 (No Logo) Bruger Foreningen Danish Website - Source: James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops. - (unpublished)
WWW-17 (No Logo) Herbs for Health - Medical Glossary
WWW-18 Henriette's Herbal Homepage (Finland)
WWW-19 Ethno Botanical Leaflets
WWW-20 Poisonous Plants and Animals
WWW-21 HYpermedia for Plant Protection Weeds -
WWW-22 Tasmania Primary Industries, Water and Environment (Quarantine, Pests and diseases) -
WWW-23 (No Logo) Bad Bug Book from Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition
WWW-24 Cornell University - Poisonous plants Information Database
WWW-25 (No Logo) WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, GENEVA 1989 - Health and Safety Guide No. 26 : Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids
WWW-26 (No Logo) USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
WWW-27 Botanical Dermatology Database : Compositae
WWW-28 (No logo) Plants of Upper Newport Bay Orange County, California (by Robert De Ruff)
WWW-29 Weed Science - International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds
WWW-30 Botany Resources - botany related news, books and web resources.
WWW-31 To be in the wild - Wildflowers
WWW-32 HyperDictionary.com
WWW-33 (No Logo) Famine Foods (Compiled by Robert Freedman )
WWW-34 (No Logo) Medical History Library : The English Physitian - 1652
WWW-35 (No Logo) Flores silvestres - www.dopmail.com
WWW-36 (No Logo) Jerusalem Botanical Gardens HomePage
WWW-37 G.O.N.H.S. (Gibraltar)
WWW-38 Inter Natura, Spain
WWW-39 Le Naturel
WWW-40 www.BrainyDictionary.com
WWW-41 (No Logo) Melissa Kaplan's - Herp Care Collection; Harmful & Poisonous Plants
WWW-42 Plants from Sicily
WWW-43 Botany.com
WWW-44 (No Logo) DC ChiroWeb.com
WWW-45 (No Logo) Woodland Network research results - "BioWindows"
WWW-46 Pagine golose (Italy)
WWW-47 Gargano Verde (Italy)
WWW-48 (No Logo) The Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
WWW-49 Drug Digest
WWW-50 Medical herbs Online
WWW-51 (No Logo) The English Cottage Gardening
WWW-52 Botanical-Online.com
WWW-53 The Nutrition Focus
WWW-54 (No Logo) David's Icke Medical Archives
WWW-55 Garden Guides
WWW-56 Purple Sage
WWW-57 (No Logo) Online Medical Dictionary from CancerWeb
WWW-58 Origin and Biology of Gladiolus (from Science Works)
WWW-59 SnapDragon Home Page by Kurt Stueber
WWW-60 Wikipedia free encyclopedia
WWW-61 (No Logo) Growing Orchids in the Garden by Matti Niissalo, Finland
WWW-62 (No Logo) Funet.fi Information Database
WWW-63 Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
WWW-64 Jardins Botaniques et Conservatoires Botaniques
WWW-65 Jelitto Perennial Seeds
WWW-66 Dr. James A. Duke Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
WWW-67 (No logo) Specialty Perennials (www.hardyplants.com)
WWW-68 Indiana Masons Online
WWW-69 The Greek Art and Architecture
WWW-70 The Corinthian Order
WWW-71 Herbs 2000
WWW-72 (No logo) ILPIN INFORMATION ON Lactuca serriola
WWW-73 FIAR - The Foundation of Integrative AIDS Research
WWW-74 (No Logo) Provet (UK)
WWW-75 International Bulb Society
WWW-76 (No Logo) Hallucinogenic plants by Richard Evans Shultes
WWW-77 Desert-Tropicals.com
WWW-78 N.A.R.G.S. (The North American Rock Garden Society )
WWW-79 (No Logo) Know Your Plants... Safe or Poisonous?
WWW-80 Bedford Laboratories
WWW-81 P.D.R. Health
WWW-82 Hoog & Dix export bv
WWW-83 Odyssey Bulbs
WWW-84 Pacific Bulb Society
WWW-85 Ohio State Bulletin
WWW-86 (No Logo) Poisonous Plant Dangers Around The Home For Babies, Toddlers, and Children
WWW-87 Guiding Conservation in Kitsap
WWW-88 International Veterinary Information Service
WWW-89 BigPedia
WWW-90 Explore Plant Guide Encyclopedia
WWW-91 Rainy Side Notes
WWW-92 Gardening with Ciscoe
WWW-93 Alchemy Works Seeds & Herbs
WWW-94 Local Harvest Nurseries
WWW-95 Log House Plants
WWW-96 Hipernatural
WWW-97 (No logo) ISLAND DIRECTORY - Malta
WWW-98 ( No logo) Ecology of the Maltese islands.
WWW-99 (No logo) Piante Endemiche di Sicilia e dei territori limitrofi
WWW-100 Herb Society of America
WWW-101 (No Logo) The English Cottage Garden Nursery
WWW-102 (No logo) BioSalinity Awerness Project
WWW-103 Art Technological Source Research
WWW-104 (No logo) Message posted by 'Rowena' on Garden Forum (www.sca.org.au)
WWW-105 Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
WWW-106 Historic Food (by Ivan Day)
WWW-107 (No Logo) Dyes Used in the Bible
WWW-108 Nationaal Herbarium Nederland
WWW-109 Iziko - Museum of Cape Town
WWW-110 Pro-Z Forum
WWW-111 (No logo) Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database ( by Michel H. Porcher)
WWW-112 Arable Plants UK
WWW-113 (No Logo) Smartweed (Polygonum spp.) Biology Outline & Bibliography (Prepared by: Wilmar Morjan, April 1998)
WWW-114 Horticulture department, Purdue University
WWW-115 (No Logo) Web publication by Stephen Spiteri on I. viscosa
WWW-116 (No Logo) Inula Farms by Avisco Ltd.
WWW-117 Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australia
WWW-118 Health World Online
WWW-119 Families.com Encyclopaedia
WWW-120 Howell's on Clematis
WWW-121 Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Page
WWW-122 AboutFlowers.org (UK)
WWW-123 Poisonous plants of North Carolina
WWW-124 Institut National de la Richerche Agrinomique
WWW-125 Answers.com
WWW-126 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
WWW-127 Mediterranean Gardening Society
WWW-128 Environmental Working Group
WWW-129 (No Logo) Ambergris caye belize
WWW-130 American University
WWW-131 E. D. Foods Inc.
WWW-132 Valentine Floral creations
WWW-133 (no logo) The Garden of Paghat the Ratgirl
WWW-134 (No Logo) Center for the Study of Digital Libraries
WWW-135 University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
WWW-136 Waste Magazine, Spain
WWW-137 (No Logo) My-Malta.com
WWW-138 IPCS Intox
WWW-139 Herbnet - Medicinal Herb Uses
WWW-140 The Basement Shaman
WWW-141 Internet Orchid Photo Encyclopedia by Jay Pfahl
WWW-142 (No logo) Gunther's European Orchids Homepage
WWW-143 (No logo) James Mast de Maeght Oprhys WebPage
WWW-144 E-medicine Consumer Health
WWW-145 National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
WWW-146 (No Logo) Complementary and Alternative Healing University
WWW-147 (No logo) Orchidées de Malte (Orchids of Malta)
WWW-148 FLORA OF CRETE: Supplement II, Additions 1997-2004
WWW-149 "Find Articles" Website
WWW-150 Just Gardeners Website
WWW-151 Mount Pelion (Greece) Nature Link
WWW-152 The 1911 Edition Encyclopedia
WWW-153 (No Logo) The endangered Orchid species in france
WWW-154 (No Logo) The Evolutionary Dynamics of Plant-Insects Interactions
WWW-155 CITES - La Convention sur le commerce international des especes de faune et de flore sauvages menacies d'extinction.
WWW-156 (No logo) Orchis.de
WWW-157 (No logo) Bombus.it
WWW-158 Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh
WWW-159 (No Logo) Muscari Pages by Martin Philippo
WWW-160 QuattroFolium, Website dedicated to plants with clover-like leaves
WWW-161 George Town University
WWW-162 Virigina Tech - Departement of Plant Pathology
WWW-163 Life Science at Brandeis
WWW-164 Kingdom Plantaea
WWW-165 Permaculture Info Web
WWW-166 Flora of the New Zealand Series
WWW-167 (No Logo) British Wild Flowers Gallery for Orchids (Page 3)
WWW-168 Marina Alta Walks
WWW-169 Britain's Orchids (by David Lang)
WWW-170 (No Logo) Orchids.de (Germany)
WWW-171 (No Logo) Die Orchideen des Jahres 2000-2006
WWW-172 Plant-Supplies.com
WWW-173 (No Logo) Vegetox
Toxicologie Vegetale applique a la medecine veterinaire
WWW-174 (No logo) Medical Online Dictionary
WWW-175 (No logo) Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility
WWW-176 (No logo) Pierre conservation district
WWW-177 (No Logo) The world of Cyprus
WWW-178 A GUIDE TO THE HERBS OF CYPRUS
WWW-179 USDA - United States Department of Agriculture
WWW-180 MD Idea
WWW-181 Medicinet.com
WWW-182 Health Library
WWW-183 Kankas Wild Flowers
WWW-184 Diagnose Me
WWW-185 (No Logo) The Backyard Herbalist
WWW-186 Floridata
WWW-187 (No Logo) Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)
WWW-188 (No Logo) Invasive Plant Database
WWW-189 Global Biodiversity Information Facility
WWW-190 (No Logo) Greek Orchids
WWW-191 International Aroid Society
WWW-192 Crimson Sage
WWW-193 Mountain Valley Growers
WWW-194 (No Logo) Ernestina Parziale Certified Herbalist
WWW-195 Synonyms.net
WWW-196 Herbal medicine from your garden
WWW-197 Celtnet Recipes
WWW-198 Thirty Fun Q&A
WWW-199 Cat World